ESA Space Efforts: new Italian VEGA Rocket in space!

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ESA Space Efforts: new Italian VEGA Rocket in space!

Postby I@N on February 13th, 2012, 3:52 pm

Europe Launches New Vega Rocket on Maiden Voyage

A brand-new rocket soared into space early Monday (Feb. 13) in a launch debut that carried nine small satellites and the hopes of the European Space Agency all the way into orbit.

The space agency's new Vega rocket, which is designed to launch small satellites, blasted off from the Guiana Space Center in Kourou, French Guiana, on the northern Atlantic coast of South America and reached orbit minutes later. Liftoff occurred at 5 a.m. ET (1000 GMT).

"Today is a moment of pride for Europe as well as those around 1,000 individuals who have been involved in developing the world's most modern and competitive launcher system for small satellites," said Antonio Fabrizi, ESA's launch vehicle director, in a statement.

ESA spent 700 million Euros (about $930 million) and nearly nine years developing the four-stage Vega rocket and plans to spend another 300 million Euros (about $399 million) on the booster's first five flights. The new booster is designed to serve as a launcher for small payloads to complement Europe's heavy-lift Ariane 5 rockets and the medium-class Russian Soyuz rockets that lift off from the Guiana Space Center.

"Vega will complete the possibilities for space launch for Europe," Fabrizi told SPACE.com before the launch.

http://www.space.com/14549-vega-lift-inaugural-flight-european-rocket.html
[Video: Europe's First Vega Rocket Launch]

The Italian-built [LOL: I@N] Vega rocket is named after the second-brightest star in the northern hemisphere and the produce of seven ESA member states: Belgium, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. The rocket stands about 100 feet (30 meters) tall and is 10 feet (3 m) wide, and has a total weight at liftoff of about 137 metric tons. The first three stages are powered by solid propellant, with the fourth stage — called AVUM — relying on a liquid propulsion system.

Vega rockets can carry payloads of up to about 5,500 pounds (2,500 kilograms) and can deploy multiple spacecraft in different orbits. Each rocket can carry a primary satellite payload as well as a host of smaller microsatellites weighing between 22 and 220 pounds (10 and 100 kg).

Vega is the latest rocket to join the launcher fleet at Europe's Guiana Space Center. Last year, the first Russian-built Soyuz rockets to fly from South America also began launching from the spaceport on flights that are also overseen by European launch provider Arianespace.

"In a little more than three months, Europe has increased the number of launchers it operates from one to three, widening significantly the range of launch services offered by the European operator Arianespace," said ESA Director General Jean-Jacques Dordain. "There is not anymore one single European satellite which cannot be launched by a European launcher service."

Image
This ESA graphic depicts the flight timeline and major events for the first launch of the new Vega rocket on Feb. 13, 2012.
CREDIT: ESA - J. Huart, 2012

The primary reference mission for the Vega rocket calls for launching payloads of about 3,306 pounds (1,500 kg) into an orbit about 435 miles (700 kilometers) above Earth.

For today's launch, the Vega rocket carried two main satellites and seven tiny picosatellites into orbit for Italy. The first is the Italian Space Agency's Laser Relativity Satellite (or LARES), which is a solid sphere of tungsten that weighs about 860 pounds (390 kg) and will study how Earth's rotation warps the space around our planet.

The second main satellite is the Alma Mater Satellite (AlmaSat-1) built by Italy's University of Bologna. The 27.5-pound (12.5-kg) microsatellite will test how small satellite technology can be used for future Earth observation uses and other missions [EHHHH????!!! I@N].

The smaller picosatellites that rode Vega into orbit included:

Xatcobeo: a mission to demonstrate software-defined radio and solar panel deployment.
Robusta: a mission to test and evaluate the effects of low levels of radiation effects on transistors.
e-st@r: a demonstration of an active three-axis attitude determination and control system, including an inertial measurement unit.
Goliat: a mission to image Earth using a digital camera, and also measure radiation levels and micrometeoroids.
PW-Sat: a mission to test an atmospheric drag augmentation device for de-orbiting CubeSats.
MaSat-1: a mission to demonstrate various spacecraft avionics, including a power conditioning system, transceiver and onboard data handling.
UniCubeSat GG: a mission to study gravity gradients.

In addition to satellites, ESA officials plan to use the Vega rocket to test new spaceflight technologies. The rocket is already slated to be the go-to booster to launch the space agency's Intermediate Experimental Vehicle, a robotic space glider designed to test re-entry system technology. The launch is slated for 2013.


http://www.space.com/14548-europe-launches-vega-rocket-maiden-voyage.html


A big LOL for all the tests they are going to perform. Is there anything useful? :rolleyes:
I@N
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Re: ESA Space Efforts: new Italian VEGA Rocket in space!

Postby simonshack on February 13th, 2012, 5:17 pm

*
VEGA LIFT-OFF - (it's snowing in Kourou too!)
Image
"The first Vega, flight VV01, lifted off from Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana on 13 February 2012 on its way to carry nine satellites into orbit." . Credits: ESA
http://www.flickr.com/photos/europeansp ... 9144644601
Also published on the ASI website: http://www.asi.it/it/news/vega_missione_compiuta

That's amazing! Only last year, ESA had nothing more than a bunch of mock-up modules - of the entire thing... :lol:
http://www.esa.int/SPECIALS/Vega/SEMJT6PT1KG_0.html

ALMASAT Facebook page:
http://it-it.facebook.com/pages/ALMASpa ... 2373072738

THE ITALIAN SPACE AGENCY (ASI)
http://www.asi.it/it/agenzia/presidente
Image
Enrico Saggese - president and Chief Italian Space Clown

Did you know that Italy is reputedly the first nation after USA and RUSSIA to have sent a satellite in space?
Well, now fast-learner Italy is already planning to help out exploring Mars too !!! :lol: :lol: :lol:
http://www.corriere.it/scienze_e_tecnol ... aabc.shtml
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Re: ESA Space Efforts: new Italian VEGA Rocket in space!

Postby burningame on February 14th, 2012, 1:20 am

I always wondered about their choice of launch location, French Guiana. Could there be anywhere more isolated and hard to get to? But suddenly it makes a lot of sense. I realise it probably has something to do with being on or near the equator, but you gotta admit there ain't gonna be a lot of prying eyes - and cameras - hovering around!
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Re: ESA Space Efforts: new Italian VEGA Rocket in space!

Postby corsarino on February 16th, 2012, 8:12 am

In last decades of XX Century, Italy placed its spatial base in a maritime platform offshore in the Indian Ocean near Malindi, Kenia.

http://www.asi.it/it/agenzia/basi_e_centri/centro_spaziale_luigi_broglio

It is near the equator line (2.99 south latitude).

Now it exists, but it doesn't work anymore.

Search "progetto San Marco," "Luigi Broglio" in Googleville.
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