That looks like the ruins of Lindisfarne Priory, Northumberland, England. Ruins supposedly date to the 12th century.
The overall structure, and that column, look Norman to me, not Roman.
Corrected. Much appreciated!
What makes Stonehenge something other than a mere pile of stones is the origin and handling of the building material and the use of tenon joints, and, some would argue, the configuration and orientation of its components. The question of orientation is tricky and easily subject to fantasy and 'tweaking of facts' so I will leave that for some other time. The quarrying of the stone in locations far from the building site is an indication of organized and purposeful construction. I will try to find some time to post a summary of the topic.glg wrote: ↑Mon Jul 19, 2021 10:06 pmIsn't the question first, what these blocks of stone - unremarkable in comparison to a mind boggling array of mega structures outside the european sphere of ancient buiding tech. - even make it worthy of considering? [...] everyone thought of it as a ¨Pile of Stones¨.
I agree Flabbergasted and the rest of your comment is very interesting indeed. But alluding to it merely to a ¨pile of stones¨ which apparently Inigo Jones' contemporaries thought of it as, despite the structure asfaik already being termed a Stone-Heng (Hanging Rock?), may tell us more about the structures original design and in turn of its age.Flabbergasted wrote: ↑Wed Jul 21, 2021 12:19 pmWhat makes Stonehenge something other than a mere pile of stones is the origin and handling of the building material and the use of tenon joints, and, some would argue, the configuration and orientation of its components. (...)glg wrote: ↑Mon Jul 19, 2021 10:06 pmIsn't the question first, what these blocks of stone - unremarkable in comparison to a mind boggling array of mega structures outside the european sphere of ancient buiding tech. - even make it worthy of considering? [...] everyone thought of it as a ¨Pile of Stones¨.
Now obviously there's nothing particularly ¨globelike¨ about Stonehenge and Inigo Jones himself just used this reference to further his contention that the structure was probably remains of roman origin and more specifically a temple structure in the tuscan architectural tradition devoted to Coelus.Thirdly, in regard of the Form of Stoneheng, which is circular. This figure was proper to the Temples of Coelus and Tellus, whom the Ancients called Vesta as Valerianus in his ¨Hieroglyphics¨confirms. And to this purpose also, Leon 'Baptista Albertus useth these words:
"Unto Vesta whom they reputed to be the Earth they built Temples of a round form globelike.
Keeping this in mind, at the time of Inigo Jones one particular site which I want to point here, has only been found and excavated centuries after.Although(saith he) the Ancients made some Temples square,some six sided others of
many angles they were especially delighted "with making of them
round, as representing thereby the Form or Figure of Coelum, Heaven.
Gavrinis is an impressive site. I have seen a few burial mounds, but none with this level of walling. As you can see from the small Scandinavian mound pictured below which I stumbled upon a few years back, resting peacefully on a piece of farm land, the chamber inside is similar in design to that of Gavrinis (despite the absence of ornaments). It´s funny how European building techniques and architecture could have been so 'standardized' 5-6000 years ago.
That´s a cool book. I am looking forward to exploring it.
The similarity between temples in Northern India, Persia, Rome and Ireland is not difficult to explain. The ethno-cultural-geographical belt stretching from Kashmir to the Shetlands was for millenia dominated by the so-called 'Aryan mythologies' (Hinduism, Zoroastrianism, Druidism, Norse paganism, classical Roman and Greek religion, etc.). Their pantheons, temples, languages and 'spiritual economy' display a strong affinity.
According to Wanscher, in the so-called Bronze Age, Egyptian tradespeople assigned religious names to many coastal landmarks on their way to the Baltic, dedicating them to the sungod Ra. Some examples (including four cultural terms) :Should someone object to the theory of our ancestors’ close spiritual connection with Egypt since the stone age, saying it is a delusion because Egypt is too far away, my answer is that in many important cases the Egyptian etymology provides the correct form and meaning of the words.
Wanscher: “Kivik Guldhorn og Edda”, p.42.